Electron Movement, chemical bonding, ionic bonding and transfer:

Electricity, within central heating systems (Ion exchange to remove/break down/prevent scale), Electro Magnetic fields, Chemical reactions ( CO– Carbonation, Lime, Plaster – O– rust, H2O Hydration, damp, rot, Sulphate attack – stacks, flues and brickwork, Thaumasite, Ettringite, Alkali-silica reaction, Alkali-carbonate reaction, Alkali-aggregate reaction, Acid attack, Brownfield sites, Polymers, Granite and radon, mining, uranium (Farewell to Stromness – Peter Maxwell Davies) ….

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Bruce Spenser MSc MCIOB Managing Director